I work on the history of early modern Europe, combining social, legal and intellectual history with spatial and digital methods.

My first book, Borders and Freedom of Movement in the Holy Roman Empire (forthcoming with Oxford University Press), retraces the history of the modern state’s grasp over flows of goods and people, particularly during the early modern period. After having dug through more than twenty archives between the Alps and the North Sea, I am able to show how travelers, jurists and officials negotiated passage and obstruction on the roads and rivers of the Old Reich, one of the pre-modern world’s most fragmented regions. I do this with particular reference to safe-conduct, that is, the quasi-sovereign right to escort travelers and to levy duties on passing goods and people. My book challenges conventional conceptions of pre-modern statehood, and offers a new account of how early modern polities claimed and disputed rights of passage.

I use geospatial and distant reading approaches to explore phenomena that escape the grasp of conventional scholarship. I have completed statistical, geospatial, and computational training at Heidelberg, Columbia, and Stanford. Within Stanford’s Spatial History Project, I lead a digital mapping project that uses GIS and other digital tools to create new maps of old-regime Europe. Together with colleagues at Stanford and other institutions, I recently won a substantial grant for a collaborative digital history project on mobility in the early modern world. My digital research uses advanced computing to gain a more faithful understanding of pre-modern political geography, to retrace the ways in which goods and people travelled through the physical landscape, and to uncover broad spatial and temporal trends in intellectual history.

I have designed and taught numerous lecture and seminar classes for undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral students at Stanford, Berlin, and Florence, on different aspects of early modern history, on spatial history and on the digital humanities. I also acted as co-director of Stanford’s Digital Humanities Graduate Fellowship Program.

I am a Lecturer in Digital Humanities at the University of Manchester. I earned a PhD in History at the European University Institute, an MA in History at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris and the University of Heidelberg, as well as a BA in Economics at the latter university. Before moving to England, I taught at the Free University of Berlin and held a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowship at Stanford University. I have also been a visiting scholar at the University of Saint Andrews and at Columbia University.